24 października, 2020

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Most wildfires can be blamed on people. Across the region, intense heat waves with little rain over the summer left forests brittle and dry, creating the conditions for wildfires to grow out of control and burn with more intensity. When the investigations are complete, there is likely to be a long list of human causes, just as in Oregon and Washington.

While some of the causes are known such as downed power lines, other fires are still under investigation, and two men in the past few weeks have been arrested for suspected arson. “There are so many ways to start a fire.”. “The story this year is the lightning,” said Lynne Tolmachoff, the chief of public education at the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, or Cal Fire. Some of those fires are still burning.

Several large Oregon wildfires have continued to grow, while the acreage of other blazes remains consistent.

The largest recorded fire in California history before this year, the Mendocino Complex Fire in 2018, was ignited when a man hammered a metal stake into the ground.

After the man was released from custody, authorities said he started six more small fires, was arrested again and transported to a hospital for a mental health evaluation. This week, two enormous new fires in Northern California have killed three people and destroyed close to 250 structures in Napa, Sonoma and Shasta Counties. Here's why. Firefighters worked to contain the Slater Fire as it burned through Klamath National Forest in Northern California last month. A car gets a flat tire on a freeway, sending sparks into dry grassland. In Oregon, for two weeks after a lightning storm crossed the Cascades in mid-August, fire smoldered deep on the forest floor of the Opal Creek Wilderness — no open flames visible, just smoke wafting through a 10-acre patch of rugged terrain. “If the lightning caused the home run, global warming put runners on base,” said Noah Diffenbaugh, a climate scientist at Stanford University. In Oregon, officials have opened an arson investigation into the Alameda Fire, which is responsible for multiple deaths and has destroyed hundreds of homes. Then, moisture from the remnants of a tropical storm off the Pacific Coast of Mexico destabilized the atmosphere in the San Francisco Bay Area, unleashing a wave of thunderstorm activity. Mark Wallace, a former state fire marshal in Oregon, said arson wildfires, when stacked up against other causes — lightning, unattended campfires, fireworks and other things — tend to make up only a sliver of cases in most years.

A smoldering camp fire is left unattended, a cigarette is tossed out a window, a child plays with matches.

In Oregon, there have been 614 human-caused fires … The 22,700-acre El Dorado Fire in Southern California was ignited by a pyrotechnic device at a gender reveal party. LOS ANGELES — A hunter goes shooting in the wilderness and a bullet ricochets off a rock. Often, arsonists are quickly caught and their fires extinguished before growing out of control.

But that was only the beginning. The Carr Fire, near Redding, Calif., in 2018, which set off a fire tornado, was started with a flat tire on a trailer, which set off sparks on the asphalt.

Before the lightning hit, Northern California was already in the grip of a heat wave, which had left vast swaths of vegetation parched and combustible.

About 40 large fires are burning across Oregon, California and Washington. They blamed thunderstorm activity for the blazes that smoldered for weeks before winds stoked them into devastating fires. A man hammers a metal stake into the ground. Ahead of its path, the wind tore down power lines and ignited 13 more blazes, the flames merging with one another to create one of Oregon’s most destructive wildfires.

As the dry winds began escalating, they sent an inferno racing down the western slopes of the mountains. Arson is rarely the cause of a large wildfire, officials say. The animation shows lightning strikes in white and areas of fires in yellow and orange. An unusual confluence of weather conditions sent nearly 14,000 bolts of lightning into the dry, hot forests of Northern California in August. A fire that wiped out the city of Malden, Wash., appears to have started when a power line was struck by a tree. One man has been arrested on suspicion of lighting a fire that day, but authorities are still looking for information about a nearby fire in Ashland, where human remains were found. However, some of the fires, including the August Complex Fire, were caused by lightning strikes in extremely dry areas. Police said a man in Portland used a Molotov cocktail to start a small brush fire alongside the 205 Freeway; firefighters extinguished the blaze and found the man in a nearby tent. “It’s true that climate change didn’t cause the fire,” said Philip Duffy, president and executive director of the Woodwell Climate Research Center in Falmouth, Mass. But Daniel Swain, a climate scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles, whose comments about the lack of a definitive connection between lightning and climate change were misquoted and taken out of context on Mr. Carlson’s show, said in an interview later that the continual focus on ignitions “deeply undermines the fundamental point.”, “With climate change, what it is doing is changing the character of wildfires irrespective of ignition sources,” he said. To submit a letter to the editor for publication, write to. Others in Oregon and California were started by downed power lines. Officials in Oregon and Washington State have provided more detailed data than California on the causes of wildfires this year. That’s really the story, fire size.”. Officials in Oregon and Washington State have provided more detailed data than California on the causes of wildfires this year.

— Nick Nauslar (@NickyNaus) September 8, 2020. “This particular event would be difficult to link directly back to climate change,” Mr. Brown said.
Though the blazes are still under investigation, authorities believe they were likely caused by human activity. Lightning has been a source of major wildfires in the West many times in the past, though infrequently on the scale seen this year. With so many fires people have begun to wonder what the cause might be. There are innumerable ways human beings ignite wildfires, and in a normal year nearly 95 percent of wildfires in California are started by people, the vast majority of them accidentally. In Oregon, there have been 614 human-caused fires and 600 that were caused by nature. Nearly 14,000 lightning strikes over a 72-hour period ignited more than 900 wildfires in August, state officials said, with relatively little rain to dampen the potential for wildfire — in some cases because the heat over a hot, dry summer caused it to evaporate before it hit the ground. But this year, as fast-moving wildfires have ravaged communities up and down the West Coast, has been anything but normal.
In Oregon this year, authorities reported several fires being deliberately set, many of them quickly put out.

It drives the intensity of the fires. “In the whole scope of things,” he said, “that’s pretty rare.”, Sources for lightning animation: Lightning strikes: Vaisala NLDN and GLD360; fire areas: GOES-16 satellite fire detection data from the U.S.D.A.

Nearly all of Oregon’s major wildfires have surpassed 50% containment, with only the state’s largest blaze hovering beneath the halfway mark. ... 2020 Wildfire smoke can be hazardous to your health.

What Made This a Record Fire Season? “It causes them to get big. “That’s not a normal weather pattern for us.”. Mr. Duffy said climate change had not been conclusively linked to the lightning sieges in the West, a fact seized on by some on the political right, including Fox News’s Tucker Carlson, as evidence that global warming is not to blame for the historic wildfire season. And famously, the singer Johnny Cash, in 1965, set off a wildfire with his overheated truck, a blaze that threatened endangered condors. Another homeless man, Domingo Lopez Jr., 45, was accused of going on a 12-hour spree that began Sept. 13 in which he set multiple brush fires along Interstate 2015 in … A freakish siege of thousands of dry lightning strikes in Northern California — a weather event on a scale not seen in decades — moved over lands parched in an era of climate change and sparked four of the five largest wildfires in modern state history, with more than 3 million acres burned in California alone. The fire that devastated the cities of Talent and Phoenix in southern Oregon remains under investigation. Forest Service Active Fire Mapping Program, The comments section is closed. Lightning was also a factor in the Pacific Northwest, where Oregon officials refuted conspiracy theories that wildfires had been set by left-wing groups like antifa. While the four largest fires of the year in California were caused by lightning, and officials have said criminal charges could be filed in the case of the fire started by the gender-reveal party, the cause of a vast majority of the state’s fires remains under investigation.

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